11. April 2021 · Write a comment · Categories: Uncategorized

The most visible conflict has been over AIDS drugs in Africa. Despite the role of patents in maintaining rising drug costs for public health programs across Africa, this controversy has not resulted in a review of TRIPS. Instead, an interpretive statement, the Doha Declaration, was issued in November 2001, stating that TRIPS countries should not prevent states from dealing with public health crises. After Doha, PhRMA, the United States and, to a lesser extent, other developed countries, began to work to minimize the effects of the declaration. [9] The provisions of the TRIPS agreement range from banality to controversy. Its conditions include a minimum patent protection period of 20 years from the date of the patent application. It is significant that the TRIPS agreement also invalidates the use of process patents by stating that, in the context of a procedure, patent protection extends to the product of that procedure. In addition to these provisions, the TRIPS agreement includes two mechanisms to deal with international public health crises: compulsory licences and parallel imports (5). In the 1970s, despite GATT`s success in trade growth, global competition led to a series of economic recessions, resulting in high unemployment rates and plant closures. To remedy this situation, governments have been pushed to develop other forms of protection, i.e.

bilateral market-sharing agreements among their competitors, and to accept subsidies in order to maintain detention opportunities in agricultural trade. In addition, advances in science, individual needs, and global trade have become complex. Commercial services have been identified as a promising globalization of the global economy, but rules that are not within the purview of the GATT. These changes have undermined the credibility and effectiveness of the GATT. Together, these and other factors, among THE GATT members, have complied with a multilateral system and have come to the conclusion that the multilateral system is being maintained. This led to a round of Uruguayan negotiations; The last and biggest round of the GATT. In a press release, WTO Director-General Supachai Panitchpakdi called the decision a “historic agreement.” Panitchpakdi added: “It proves that the WTO is capable of dealing with both humanitarian and trade issues. This particular issue was particularly difficult. The fact that WTO members have been able to find compromises on such a complex issue is a testament to their goodwill. (5) Leaders of industrialized countries have described this decision as a dramatic development of international intellectual property law.

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